Moniyot sherut (singular: monit sherut, comes from the English phrase "shared route", known in some other countries as shared taxis, jitneys, colectivos or combis) are minibuses running on some local and intercity routes in addition to the regular bus service.
Love them or hate them, shared taxis sometimes provide the quickest way to get from place to place, and in many cases the only way to move around during Shabbat and holidays.
Although each monit sherut is licensed by the state to perform a certain route, shared taxis don't have a set schedule,1 neither a list of stops along the route. Their stops are not marked and you cannot use bus or rail passes to pay for the ride. Minibus drivers often change their route according to demand or "invent" routes contrary to the route license. Prices are usually similar to bus prices during the weekdays, but get much higher (sometimes double or triple) at night and during Shabbat and holidays.
Urban shared taxis exist in Tel Aviv (lines 4, 5, 16), Haifa (lines between all parts of the city) and some other towns.
Intercity shared taxis connect many towns all over Israel. In Tel Aviv all intercity shared taxis (as well as taxis 4, 5 and 51) leave from Tzemah David street near the central bus station. This is where you can catch a sherut to Haifa, Jerusalem, Netanya, Ashdod, Natzrat Illit and other destinations on Saturday morning (be prepared to pay a double price).
Nesher Tours is a shared taxi company licensed to provide service from the Jerusalem area to the Ben Gurion Airport and back, up to the customer's home.
Moniyot Amal is a shared taxi company licensed to provide service from the Haifa area to the Ben Gurion Airport and back, up to the customer's home. Taxis go in each direction at set times, depending on demand. To reserve a seat in a shared taxi that will pick you up from any location in Haifa or the suburbs to the airport, call 04-8662324 in advance.